Gyumri is the second largest city of Armenia. It’s the centre of the Shirak region. The area of the city has been populated since ancient times. Settlements that have recently been discovered date back to the beginning of the 3rd millenium B.C.E. The oldest mention of a state in the area of Gyumri was in the 8th century in an Urartian inscription. The area was located not far from the current village Marmashen, and was identified with the name of «Kumayri».Over the centuries name «Kumayri» went through changes and became Kumri, then Gumri and now Gyumri.
The name of the city has been changed several times. During the Russian rule in 19th century the city was named Alexandrapol (1837) in honour of Tsar Nicholas I’s wife Alexandra Fydorovna. Later being under the Soviet rule, the name of the city was changed to Leninakan (1924) after Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin. Now the city is called Gyumri.
Gyumri is the city where you will feel the diversity of startling architectural style. It is one of the few armenian cities where the spirit of 19th century is still alive. Take a look at top amazing places in Gyumri that you should visit once you’re in Gyumri.
What to see and where to go in Gyumri
1. Museum of National Architecture and Urban Life
2. Vardanants Square
3. Holy Saviors’ Church
4. Yot Verq (Seven Wounds) Church
5. Theater Square
6. Shiraz House Museum
7. Sergey Merkurov’s House Museum
8. Mother Armenia Monument
9. Mher Mkrtchyan museum
10. Yuzbashov Residential House